BCULT 500: Public

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== "Public" Archive ==

Welcome to the "public" archive for our collaboratory. In this particular collaboratory, we will be using this first page under the "article" tab for public as an archive rather than the site for polishing essays. As the quarter progresses, you can create separate pages in the wiki to work collaboratively or individually on such essays. This could, for example, look something like Bruce & Ron's midterm keyword project.

This first public page, then, can serve as both a collection point and a distribution point for building our archive on the use of these keywords and realted themes as they emerge in course (or non-course) readings (articles, books, websites, newspapers, etc.); public lectures or presentations (class discussions, talks, political debates, etc.); everyday life (comments overheard on the bus or at a bar, dinner table conversations, etc.); and any other sources you discover. These categories are only one way that we might organize our archives; we encourage you to experiment with different ways of organizing these archives through the wiki, which allows for multiple taxonomies to exist without precluding each other.

We will use the “article” page to organize and archive these references, while the “discussion” or “talk” wikis (in the tabs above) will allow you to comment on individual references or connections among them. The goal is to create a rich archive of materials that will serve as the basis of the keywords projects that will be due at the midpoint and end of the quarter, which will also be linked here.


Salena, Trina, Myrella and Jennifer's mid-term mapping of the keyword "public"

Salena, Trina, Myrella and Jennifer's final project of the keyword "public"




I walked into Starbucks today with a friend and stumbled upon a little newspaper that was placed in a box on the counter next to the barista. The newspaper is called "GOOD" with a front page titled, IMMIGRATION-Who is coming to America? On the front of the paper, there was also a reference to their website. I would encourage you to look at this website, which not only refers to the keyterms being discussed, but also brings up a great deal of interesting topics to discuss. This paper was being advertised in a "public" venue and the way that the wording was organized on it, your eyes have no choice but to notice the word IMMIGRATION. As you open the paper, the heading reads "Coming to America", which speaks directly to the immigrant. Showing the "public" statistics of immigrants entering the country, directions on how to get a green card, etc. Topics to discuss; the issue of the use of product in public venues, intentions behind powerful organization and the impact on the audience, awareness about foreign policy. When going to the website, look for the keywords, they are everywhere. Let me know what you think! Christi (Tattoo Mama)

In Playing With Fire by Richa Nagar and the Sangtin Writers an account is given of how publicizing can be used as a form of manipulation. The NGO, NSY, held a public hearing for marginalized women who were victims of violence where they shared their stories in front of two thousand people. While the hearing was very successful in increasing awareness, the women gained no justice or resolution from the experience. They became "tools to publicize and popularize the organizers and their establishment".--Myrella 23:22, 12 October 2008 (EDT)

Public Justice

I read an article in the Seattle Times stating that a justice of the West Virginia Supreme court, Brent Benjamin, who won his seat with the help of more than $3 million from The coal company, Massey Energy, was also involved in a West Virginia supreme court trial in which Massey was being accused of fraud. Despite Benjamin's relationship with the company he refused to disqualify himself from overseeing their trial. Massey won the trial with a 3-2 majority throwing out a $50 million verdict against them. Keith Fisher, a lawyer for the bar association stated that "If the public believes that judges can be bought, that is really poisonous and undermines public confidence in an independent judiciary." Benjamin has defended himself by saying that, "he had judged the case on the merits, and that only proof of a judge's actual bias, as opposed to the appearance of a conflict, requires recusal."--Myrella 23:51, 13 October 2008 (EDT)

"For Justice Antonin Scalia, the Constitution is not a living document, but a dead one."


Creative Digital Collaboration; Public Domain in the 21st Century

Creative Commons

They very basic idea is that people create something, writings, music, videos, some kind of creative material. Instead of having to go through the hoops of getting a traditional copyright, they will identify some sort of restriction level where anyone in the public domain can freely use the material as long as they abide by the restrictions the creator assigns. This is done on the honor system. This basically releases these materials into the public domain for use. Another type of collaboration within our culture. They also can specify how it can be used. This is a public opportunity for artistic creative expression that reaches beyond the boundaries of the industry. This opens up a creative environment to everyone who is given the right to edit freely. This site takes the art out of a closed environment where there would usually be a team of lawyers present to decide on laws of copywrite issues. wiki.creativecommons.org --Tattoo Mama 03:26, 10 October 2008 (EDT)

this also brings up something angelica stated today at the museum about public usage of "song." i say song because she used it as a form of creativeness that has been altered and taken up as a "free" form to be utilized in new usages of the form. the talk was on south africa and the possible usurping of a piece that is altered, changed, added on to, etc... with little thought to the author or authenticness from whence it came. a piece that is picked up by one group, then another to give richness to the "product." this idea of public "ownership" is fascinating.

Civic Engagement Online


The CCCE Civic Learning Online project explores the question of how informal online environments can effectively engage the citizenship and learning styles of younger generations. --Amacklin 01:06, 24 October 2008 (EDT)

Making Cultural Studies "Public"

In Ien Ang’s article “From Cultural Studies to Cultural Research” she brings up the point that Cultural Studies and the humanities in general are in a “semi-private world, partly constituted precisely by its specialized language” (189). She also quotes Michael Warner in saying “expert knowledge is in an important way nonpublic: its authority is external to [public] discussion. It can be challenged only by other experts, not within the discourse of the public itself” (189).

Although work that is produced specifically in academic journals is made public, it stays circulated within the semi-private academic community. Ang argues that this is not enough for Cultural Studies “if it still wishes to have a ‘political’ effectivity in a broader realm than the academic world, that is, if it wishes to be an intellectual practice that is serious about its status of engaged scholarship” (190).

Right now we are enclosed in private world of 18 students and 2 professors. How will the work and discussions we have on blackboard and in class transcend to the public realm? How will we “engage in a world where we have to communicate with others who are, to all intents and purposes, intellectual strangers – people who do not already share our approaches and assumptions” (190). I believe this wiki is a start.--Rcourt 15:13, 6 October 2008 (EDT)

Universities have been catalysts for social change for a very long time. While Cultural Studies definitely encourages the goal of being active in our communities and making a difference publicly, we also should keep in mind that we are not the first or last to do this - we have many many examples around us to help us focus our individual work and group-work: "To be a student and not be revolutionary is a contradiction"- Salvador Allende 1973 --Amacklin 19:30, 13 October 2008 (EDT)


One way cultural studies incorporates its publics is by opening up concepts of scholarly distribution into new imaginaries. Burgett, et al in, "The Affirmative Character of Cultural Studies," argues that film, performance, or legislative testimony, should count toward scholarly production as much as a book or peer-reviewed journal article. Such forms of knowledge production enables scholars to seriously consider their publics as vested stakeholders in cultural scholarship. One example of this is Chicago's Public Square, a community-based organization that is active in circulating knowledges between communities as a way to elevate dialogue in cultural studies' tradition of linking theory and practice.

Public Funding in 2008 Presidential Election

I was listening to one of the cable news channels this afternoon- at this point in the election season they have become one big blur of punditry -and heard a McCain surrogate slam Obama for his "reversal" on the question of whether or not to accept public funding for his campaign. While I am not entirely clear on the particular restrictions associated with accepting public funds I know that it limits a candidates ability to raise or spend other campaign funds.--Tapratt849 01:52, 10 October 2008 (EDT)


AMERICA 2.0 Inc. - America is now a Publicly Traded Corporation. http://www.realdemocracyinamerica.com/blog/


I am just throwing this out there because of the economic situation going on. how does public and privatization play into cultural studies? We discussed NGO's and NPO's, are these considered private because they are non-government (public) or public because they are for the people?

Public Art and Poetry

When I think of both Public Art and Public Poetry it reminds me of my early childhood poems all starting with the same "Roses are Red." I then transverse through my memories to the teenage period of my life reading bathroom walls and watching riots on the news and their chanting in a slow methodical rhythm. I remember all of the dirty jokes and who to call intermingled with the romantic twists of who loves whom and the chanting from TV and my mind asking, “How many things do rhyme with owl, tree or pheasant.” All of these are artistic in their own unique way. It seems obvious that not everyone would view this the same. [2]

A recent story on the public radio program Weekend America describes the public sidewalk poetry project in St. Paul, MN. [3]--Jeremyrh 18:14, 21 October 2008 (EDT)

In Miller and Yudice's Cultural Policy the authors discuss the creation of the National Endowment for the Arts and the subsequent problems surrounding it. One concern raised by conservatives is the federal funding of art which expresses an "attitude toward life" which is different from the status quo. Queer art is one example discussed in the book. One critic argues that "the art world has failed to police the public/private divide."--Myrella 00:38, 12 November 2008 (EST)

This makes me think of what is public art. who are we intending to show it to? our family, friends, the community? my son will dance his heart out in front of me, but when my partner put his video of dancing to the beastie boys (one of his faves) on facebook, my son started crying, saying he doesn't dance for the public. when we make a product, who is it for and for whom does it benefit? the community from whence it came or the community trying to come to terms from whence it came?

Artistic Depictions of Public Space

Art critic Gary Faigin, on Edward Hopper's New York Movie (1939):

"Most tellingly, the picture is divided nearly in half by a huge, featureless, dark wall, creating an absolute break between the realm of the woman and that of the theatre: the public world walled off from the private, the manufactured Hollywood fantasy existing alongside the equally fraught inner life of the usherette." --Jeremyrh 17:59, 18 November 2008 (EST)

Images of Public Art




Public Spaces

How does architecture play into public space and is private space automatically dichotomous? [4] Frye Art Museum [5] Ridge House [6] Civic Projects Habitat for Humanity (one specific project) [7] Mwangaza Orphanage [8] Seattle Public Library [9], [10] Seattle Civic Center [11],[12], [13] --jen

Richard Hardwood's "Layers of Public Life"

In the "Inroads" reading by Korza, et al, they quote Hardwood saying that "people think about public concerns, not in isolated bites, but in inter-related webs of concerns." They then cite Hardwood's "layers of public life--from private to quasi-official to civic to official policy--in which debate, discussion, and dialogue happen" (11). --Jeremyrh 18:19, 21 October 2008 (EDT)

Public Education

Playing Roles for a Real Education By Christina Shunnarah

This past weekend my colleagues and I gave a presentation at the Performing the World conference in Manhattan, which brought together educators, artists, therapists, scholars and activists from dozens of countries who are interested in using performance and drama in a variety of ways. Our presentation was on the role of the arts and performance at our school and how it complements and expands the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IBPYP), an enriched curriculum that we have been using in our classrooms... Read More... --Amacklin 01:15, 24 October 2008 (EDT)

The quest for knowledge is public, but is it always accessible? http://www.cityofsound.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/08/17/spl2.jpg

Political Discussions with Friends at the Dinner Table

After seeing this article, you might disagree, might not, but the important aspect of this viewpoint is that, we must be willing to hear the voice of those who are different then us, or those who are voicing opposite perspectives regarding politics. If we decide to disagree, that's okay, but I am curious about how you would respond to this article? We have many politically diverse friends and relatives who might agree with this. What do you think? -This is liberal vs. conservative thought-this is what comes up at our dinner table. My family is politically divided. How would you handle that division? -The Third Culture- [the third culture] --Tattoo Mama 01:09, 25 October 2008 (EDT)

How about Public enemy

what does this name mean/invoke? who, then, is the enemy? me, you?

Public School

Who is the school system really for? my kids go to a bilingual public school. the program is a pilot program where they try to fit primarily spanish-speaking families with primarily english-speaking families in order to strengthen both cultures in this capitalistic paradigm. the u.s. is one of the only countries where learning of another language is only mandatory for 2 years, what the heck, everyone speaks english anyways, right? but who is the "public we are truly catering to?

Public-ness vs. private-ness

just an idea. my mother-in-law is japanese. the public is both very considered and disregarded. you worry about your public image, in the sense that you do not dishonor your family-which my husband and i have done being very sexually-uhm-liberated. but at the same time, very privately maintained, in that you take care of your own, you make sure your husband and children are well-taken care of and you are sure there is no tainted places a "publc" could criticize you for. my own view of public and private would be that, perhaps i have no secrets. at the same time, while i am not ashamed of "the acts" my partner and i engage, these are not something to be ashamed of, i would be very freightened to share these with the pta moms i am associated with. also, i notice my displays of gender-conformity change with who is "my" public. i am not worried to "show off" my very hairy legs to my cohort, but feel almost embarassed with my trunks in front of others.

Public Sex(uality)

Historically (in the U.S.) sexuality has always been a highly contested site of meaning and regulation. The category of "public sex/uality" can allow us to do many things. Think, quite literally, about public sex itself as an act: its history within queer ocmmunities seeking to explore and mark themselves, the public visibility of sex workers, cultural debates/scandals over the sexual deeds of public officials (such as Clinton) and figures (think of Marilyn). In an age of technological, economic and social transformation how we think of public sex is being redefined: think of battles over gentrification of public spaces such as Times Square (the effort to kick out sex businesses), cultural panic over sex education in public schools, the development of craigslist as place to find sex, and the ever-increasing commodification of sexual services and accoutrements. Furthermore, it raises the question of the "public" relationship to the "private," (which is often read as the appropriate place for sexuality).

Some literature and scholarship on the subject includes: Pat Califia, Public Sex ([14] and Public Affairs: Politics in the Age of Sex Scandals ([15]

- For a more local (and in my case community site specific) example of "public sex (business)" and community reactions to it. See: [16]

-A recent headline grabbed my attention; as it deals directly with Craigslist as a site of public sexuality that is coming under governmental and community political pressures. In an effort to regulate the "erotic services" section of craigslist, govt. officials point to the need to curtail possible exploitation of minors and human trafficking- a noble cause. However, what they're proposing will/does have some interesting effects on sex workers who rely upon this public site. An article from the P-I: [17]

In speaking about anti-rape devices used in South Africa, author Sara Nutall discusses how "technology itself assigns changing meanings to the domains of the public and the private. I consider, how in a certain sense, in societies like that in South Africa now, the realm of the private- here, the girl body-becomes one of the only places in which bodies can be segregated 17)". --Myrella 01:56, 17 November 2008 (EST)

-Playday at the Lusty Lady Are you ready? Playday is coming quickly! From 10 in the morning until 3 the next morning the Lusty Lady will be taken over by its performers. Customers can enjoy such fun as Hot Seats, Dressing Room Tours, Double and Triple Troubles, pictures with performers, and much more.

This is a day of fun, but also the day that the performers earn their holiday bonus, so any money spent gets split amongst the girls. Do you have the holiday spirit yet? We might be able to help if you don't...

(On a personal note: Come out and support The Lusty Lady; bring yourself and your curiosity, intrigue, lust, pecadillos and love of sexy, gustsy, badass ladies who love their work/place! So grab some cash and get ready for a lap dance in or tour of what is undeniably a Seattle institution.

Mark your calendar!

DECEMBER 6 (Saturday, all day/night)

--- A video on stripping your way through school from local OK news station. [18]


Public Transportation

Subsidized transportation for the public. Usually inexpensive. Available public transportation varies on city, country and region, depending on public support and local government. Some areas with efficient (somewhat) public transportation: Berlin, Germany [19] Paris, France [20] Bogota, Colombia [21] London, England [22] Moscow, Russia [23] New York, United States [24] Seoul, Korea [25] Madrid, Spain [26]--jlockett

In McCain's acceptance speech he states that he is grateful to the first lady Laura Bush for being, "a model of grace and kindness in public and in private."--Myrella 23:14, 3 November 2008 (EST)

Eric Foner: I think in terms of progressive era, it's not a, I don't want to say he has the specific policy. But I think it's more an ethos of public life, a more communal one, one that looks after the common good not just individual self-interest as we've been ruled by for the last 20, 30 years that doesn't seek competitiveness as the sole, you know, the sole measure of a society.

I think a turn toward the notion of a common citizenship, of course, Obama has talked about this a great deal. And the common good and economic security for people, not just saying the market will take care of everything. If those are the governing principles and I think you then move to specific policies whether on healthcare or the economy or race relations or immigration or other things. But if you have those governing principles, the society will move in a progressive direction.

PATRICIA WILLIAMS: And a reinvestment in public education, because I do think that part of the know-nothingism and the resentment of elitism is the fact that many people know how poorly our – their — this educational system has served them, whites and African Americans. And the resentment of elitists I think is also I mean, my own personal opinion is that there's a kind of envy, there's a kind of yearning not to be disparaged because of a lack of education but not really knowing how to get it. And in the last, you know, 50 years we've really disinvested in public education. And we had a very good public education system prior to the Second World War-

ERIC FONER: Well, that's part of the privatization of everything, you know?


ERIC FONER: And that I think does need to be reversed. The public realm is a realm that needs to be strengthened in this country, whether it's the infrastructure of our transportation and buildings and bridges which have fallen apart or the public school system, as you said. Or healthcare, which really is a public concern, not just an individual concern. And I think this combination of engaged citizens and presidential leadership, that's what really can move us in that direction.

Excerpt from Bill Moyers Journal [27] November 7, 2008

Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania

GLENN LOURY: I think that, isn't it the press's ultimate responsibility to ensure that the American public has the information that it needs in order to make an informed judgment in a democracy? Bill Moyers Journal October 31, 2008 [28]

The widespread corruption in Congress in the past few years reveals just how easily politicians can be swayed by lobbyists like Jack Abramoff – and the lavish fundraisers and golf trips to Scotland they provide. The result of this cozy relationship between the Capitol and “K Street” lobbyists is a government that serves corporate instead of public interests. [[29]]

public health

public library

public awareness